Series 3 (2013 – 2015)

  • Day 1:  Shale Gas
  • Day 2:  Climate Change
  • Day 3:  The impact of renewables on the electricity system
  • Day 4:  Energy and carbon emissions
  • Day 5:  The sustainability challenges cities are facing
  • Day 6:  Offshore wind
  • Day 7:  Energy saving Demand
  • Day 8:  Cancelled
DAY 1: SHALE GAS – 19 September 2013

The issue of ‘shale gas’ was presented and discussed by Dr. Hans de Pater (Fenix Consulting Delft) and Prof.dr. Rien Herber (RUG). Dr. Annick de Vries (the Dutch Rathenau Institute) spoke about the ongoing public debate on shale gas in the Netherlands.

  • Welcome by David Smeulders – Eindhoven Energy Institute (EEI)
  • Shale gas: Promise or Economic Bubble? by Prof.dr. Rien Herber – RU Groningen
  • Shale oil and gas development: appearance vs reality by Dr. Hans de Pater – Fenix Consulting Delft
  • Shale gas: need for a broader debate and an integral regulatory framework by Dr. Annick de Vries – Rathenau Institute
DAY 2: CLIMATE CHANGE – 12 December 2013

This fall the 5th IPCC report became available with new conclusions regarding the development of climate and the importance of anthropogenic causes. In this EnergyDay several possible consequences of the rising CO2 and the global warming for the oceans and for the melting of ice were discussed. Also the relation between primeval climate, temperature and greenhouse gases was discussed.

  • Welcome by Daan Schram – TU/e
  • Energizing TU/enthusiasm by Team Energy, Student Association Energy – TU/e
  • Introduction by Wim van der Zande – Radboud University
  • Melting ice, rising seas by Peter Kuipers Munneke – Utrecht University
  • Climate and oceans by Caroline Katsman – KNMI
  • Palm trees on Antarctica, Film fragment Beagle – VPRO
  • Climate change & greenhouse gases, past & present by Henk Brinkhuis – Royal NIOZ

European countries and the EU have been aiming to green our electricity system. Due to a variety of policies, the installed capacity in wind and solar has increased substantially in the last few years, in particular in Germany. This poses several challenges for the existing electricity networks and markets. Overproduction of electricity on specific moments has put the traditional power plants under pressure. On certain sunny and windy days, electricity even can get a negative price. Due to the many inter-linkages between the electricity networks in Europe, the impact of this is not limited to Germany, but can be felt all over Europe. The question is how to deal with these developments. This is the topic of the 3rd EnergyDays of the 2013-2015 series. One speaker will highlight the option to rely more on local micro-grids, reducing the dependency on the large networks. Another speaker will look at the robustness of the current European grid: what is the potential of the European networks to balance large scale fluctuations in supply. Finally, the last speaker will look at the on-going research on smart distribution grids to deal with these problems. The general discussion will focus on the feasibility and the societal consequences of the proposed solutions.    

  • Welcome by Rick Harwig – TU/e, Strategic Area Energy
  • EcoGrid EU: From design to implementation – a large scale demonstration of a real-time marketplace for distributed energy resources by Per Lund – Development Department,
  • TU/e research on integration of renewable sources by Wil Kling – TU/e, Electrical Energy Systems
  • Sustainable market model? by Frank Nobel – System Operations Concepts, TenneT TSO BV NL

The energy infrastructure of today predominantly relies on the use of fossil fuels; the associated carbon dioxide emission has a serious and world-wide impact on climate. Several approaches have been suggested to facilitate the transition to a sustainable society, among others  carbon capture and storage (CCS) technology, and new CO2  re-utilization (CCU) processes to make  carbon-containing fuels in a cyclic way.

In the CCS approach the focus lies on development of novel combustion technologies to reduce emissions in combination with cost-effective means to capture CO2. The CCU approach opts for so-called CO2-neutral fuels, i.e. carbon-containing fuels which are synthesized from combustion products. The energy required to reverse the combustion reactions has to come from sustainable energy sources, which in effect makes CCU a means to store sustainable energy in chemical bonds.

The day will start with the view of former Shell CEO Jeroen van de Veer on challenges and potentials in energy and climate. Then experts will discuss the status and technology challenges for the CCS and CCU routes, where also scalability is an essential factor. Also economic mechanisms are discussed as they are important to mature novel technology. One question concerns the impact of the emission trading system (ETS) on the transition to a sustainable society. Also the necessity to reduce CO2 emissions will be discussed.

  • Welcome by Hans van Duijn – Rector Magnificus TU/e
  • Energy, climate and long term strategies by Jeroen van der Veer – Royal Shell / Climate Initiative, Platform Bèta Techniek / Supervisory Council TU Delft
  • Introduction afternoon session by Geert Verbong – TU/e
  • Carbon Dioxide Capture & Utilization in the Green Economy by Peter Styring – University of Sheffield
  • Economic factors of the energy transition by Sjak Smulders – University of Tilburg
  • Assessment of Climate-Change Risks by the IPCC – The necessity to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by Arthur Petersen – VU University Amsterdam

Since 2008, more than 50% of the world’s population is living in urban areas and this trend is expected to continue, in particular in Asia and Africa. Both megacities and smaller cities will have to deal with severe social and environmental problems. On the one hand, cities offer a favorable setting for dealing with these problems, on the other hand urbanization also increases poverty and pollution. The challenges our cities are facing is the topic of this EnergyDay.

  • Welcome by Geert Verbong – TU/e
  • Urban and rural living in the context of the sustainability challenge by Geoffrey P. Hammond – University of Bath, UK
  • Smart City Eindhoven: Challenges for science, government and industry by Bauke de Vries – TU/e
  • Eco-cities in China by Martin de Jong – Delft University
  • The energy challenges cities are facing by Teun Bokhoven – TKI-EnerGO
DAY 6: OFFSHORE WIND – 04 December 2014

Offshore wind is seen as one of the main renewable options in Europe. In the Dutch Energy Agreement of 2013, the goal for offshore wind has been set at 4500MW in 2023. However, reaching those targets is not straightforward. There are still several technological issues to be solved. Also, finding locations and financing projects prove to be major hurdles. The challenges the offshore wind sector is facing, will be discussed during this day.

  • Welcome by David Smeulders – TU/e
  • Offshore Wind: technical, implementation and policy challenges by Jos Beurskens – SET Analysis / former research leader wind energy at ECN
  • Research challenges associated with design, installation and monitoring of offshore wind turbines by Andrei Metrikine – Delft University
  • Dutch offshore wind policy by René Moor – Ministry of Economic Affairs

The Global Energy Challenge is often focused on the necessary switch of the energy system from fossil to renewable sources, and consequences of the energy system. One has to realize, however, that in facing this challenge the need to reduce the overall energy demand in society is an as important component. This Energy Day will touch upon and discuss the possibilities to improve technology efficiencies and reduce the total energy consumption in the energy-intensive sectors transport, built environment and industry.

  • Welcome by Erik Langereis – DIFFER – Dutch Institute for Fundamental Energy Research
  • Materials Matter: Connecting Energy and Material Efficiency by Ernst Worrell – Copernicus Institute of Sustainable Development / Utrecht University
  • How can we make energy efficient buildings? by Marijke Menkveld – ECN
  • Energy Efficiency in transport; ‘Is gasoline the best diesel fuel?’ by Bart Somers – TU/e, Combustion Technology/Internal Combustion Engines